October 13, 1917 – U.S. Oil & Gas Association founded

The United States Oil & Gas Association (USOGA) was founded as the Mid-Continent Oil & Gas Association in Tulsa Oklahoma, six months after the United States joined World War I.

A group of leading independent producers, including Frank Phillips, E.W. Marland, Bill Skelly and Robert Kerr, established the association to increase U.S. petroleum supplies for the Allied forces. In 1919 the association formed the Oklahoma-Kansas Division (now the Oklahoma Oil & Gas Association).

Today a lobbying organization based in Washington, D.C., USOGA advocates industry views in policy debates, especially for states along the Gulf of Mexico.

October 13, 1954 – First Arizona Oil Well

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Arizona produces oil only from Apache County.

Arizona became the 30th oil producing state when Shell Oil Company completed its East Boundary Butte No. 2 well one mile south of the Utah border on Apache County’s Navajo Indian Reservation.

The October 1954 discovery well’s initial flow was small, just 2,200 cubic feet of natural gas and 11 barrels of oil per day from the Paradox Basin. Other nearby wells proved more productive. They came after more than five decades of expensive dry holes.

As early as 1899 a rancher had reported finding oil seeps in central Arizona. By 1902, a part-time prospector from Pennsylvania, Joseph Heslet, unsuccessfully drilled in search of an oilfield. His last attempt in 1916 showed traces of oil.

Apache County remains the only petroleum producing county in Arizona. Of more than 1,000 oil and natural gas wells drilled in the state since 1954, almost 90 percent have been dry holes (2009 data).  “Arizona has only minor crude oil production from about two dozen wells,” notes the Energy Information Administration (EIA).

October 14, 1929 – Oilfield Discovery East of Dallas

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This Van Zandt County museum east of Dallas is in a warehouse originally built in 1930 by the Pure Oil Company.

The discovery of oil in Van, Texas, by the Pure Oil Company created an oil boom town 60 miles east of Dallas. Residents still celebrate the find.

The Van oilfield’s first well produced from about 2,700 feet deep in the Woodbine sandstone. By December 1929, three more successful  oil wells were drilled and construction started on a camp for oilfield workers.

Among “Cook Camp” buildings was a sheet metal warehouse that today is the Van Area Oil and Historical Museum.

Pure Oil Company’s Jarman No. 1 discovery well initially produced 3,500 barrels of oil a day. By April 1930, the Van oilfield was producing 20,000 barrels a day.

Two 10-inch pipelines connect the field to refineries, one to the Pure refinery at Beaumont and the second, operated by Humble Oil, to the Standard Oil pipeline and Baton Rouge refinery, according to the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA) Handbook of Texas Online.

Oil companies operating in the Van field adopted advanced production techniques. “The field is significant because it was the first completely unitized field in Texas and the Mid-Continent,” TSA notes. Van, which hosts an Oil Festival and Van Oil Queen Pageant every fall, began this year’s 87th Annual Oil Celebration with an October 8 parade.

October 15, 1997 – Kerosene fuels World Land Speed Record

The current world land speed record was set at 763.035 miles per hour by the Thrust SSC (supersonic car) using two jet engines burning JP-4, a kerosene-naptha jet propellant. A British team achieved the record at the Black Rock Desert track in Nevada. JP-4 was first used in jet aircraft in 1951. Also see the Blue Flame Natural Gas Rocket Car.

October 16, 1865 – First Oil Pipeline

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Early pipelines were buried underground to protect them from sabotage by teamsters. Photo courtesy Marathon Oil Corp.

petroleum history october 13

Van Syckel’s oil pipeline launched a revolution, according to journalist Ida Tarbell.

In Venango County, Pennsylvania, Samuel Van Syckel’s Oil Transportation Association in 1865 put into service a two-inch iron line linking the Fraser well to the Miller Farm Oil Creek Railroad Station – about five miles away. Pipelines – and the technology to manufacture and lay them – will revolutionize petroleum transportation in the early oil patch.

With 15-foot welded joints and three 10-horsepower Reed and Cogswell steam pumps, Van Syckel’s pipeline transported 80 barrels of oil per hour – the equivalent of 300 teamster wagons working for 10 hours.

At the same time, the Pennsylvania Tubing Company was laying a seven-mile, six-inch pipeline from Pithole Creek to another well. With their livelihoods threatened, teamsters sabotaged the pipeline until armed guards intervened.

“The day that the Van Syckel pipeline began to run oil a revolution began in the business. After the Drake well it is the most important event in the history of the Oil Regions,” notes Ida Tarbell in her History of the Standard Oil Company. Also see Trans-Alaska Pipeline History.

October 16, 1931 – Natural Gas Pipeline Record

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A 1931 natural gas pipeline extended 980 miles across three states.

America’s first long-distance, high-pressure natural gas pipeline went into service during the Great Depression, linking prolific Texas Panhandle gas fields to consumers in Chicago.

A.O. Smith Corporation had developed the technology of thin-walled longitudinal pipe and Continental Construction Corporation built the 980-mile bolted flange pipeline for the Natural Gas Pipeline Company of America.

The $75 million project consumed 209,000 tons of A.O. Smith’s specially fabricated 24-inch diameter steel pipe (the pipe filled 6,500 freight cars) and required 2,600 separate right-of-way leases. Texoma Natural Gas Company distributed the gas to Chicago businesses and residents.


Listen online to “Remember When Wednesdays” on the weekday morning radio program Exploring Energy, 9 a.m to 10 a.m. (Eastern Time). Bruce Wells calls in on the last Wednesday of every month. Please support the American Oil & Gas Historical Society today with a tax-deductible donation. © This Week in Petroleum History, AOGHS 2016.