AOGHS-LogoChances are people seeking financial information here will not find lost riches – see Not a Millionaire from Old Oil Stock. The American Oil & Gas Historical Society, a small non-profit program that depends on donations, simply does not have resources to provide free research of corporate histories.

However, AOGHS continues to look into forum queries as part of its energy education mission. Some investigations have revealed  little-known stories like Buffalo Bill’s Shoshone Oil Company; many others have found questionable dealings during booms and epidemics of “black gold” fever like Arctic Explorer turns Oil Promoter

Visit the Stock Certificate Q & A Forum and view company updates regularly added to the A-to-Z listing at Is my Old Oil Stock worth Anything? AOGHS will continue to look into forum queries, including these “in progress.”

Mahala Oil & Gas Company

Mahala Oil & Gas Company incorporated in Los Angeles, California, on November 19, 1919, capitalized at $500,000. Its first president was Arthur S. Westfall. John F. Strauhal was secretary. The company began drilling in September 1920 at a wildcat site on the eastern end of California’s Puente Hills.

This San Bernardino County well east of Corona on the “Longway Around Trail” reached more than 3,700 feet deep in less than a year using a cable-tool rig instead of the more modern rotary drilling technology (see Making Hole article). It was a California record for its time

By October 1921 the well had reached 3,775 feet with a show of natural gas. The company is credited with discovery of the Mahala oilfield, which would one day yield about 150,000 barrels of oil and is cited by the American Association of Petroleum Geologists as representing “the only significant oil accumulation in San Bernardino County.”

San Bernardino County is the largest county in the United States by area. By January 1922 the company had begun drilling its second well which at one time tested at 12 barrels of oil an hour. On March 17, 1922, Mahala Oil & Gas increased its capitalization to $1 million with further stock sales to continue operations.

Unable to bring in commercial quantities of oil from its Well No. 1, the company began to fail. Gulf Pacific Oil Company also tried to make the well a producer, but was similarly unsuccessful and gave up the attempt in 1923. Mahala Oil & Gas Company’s wildcat gambles failed and so did the company.

Mary Owens Oil Company

Mary Owens Oil Company published enthusiastic newspaper ads to solicit investors, but left little else behind. The Texas Railroad Commission may have better records since the company was indeed active in the Humble Oilfield in Harris County on the Upper Gulf Coast of Texas.

The oilfield was largely depleted when Mary Owens Oil searched for both petroleum and investors after World War I. The company’s Texas newspaper advertisements included one in the July 18, 1918, Bridgeport Telegram that proclaimed:

“Small Investors Reap Rich Returns…Probably in no other business in the world have such staggering profits been made as in the Fascinating, Fast and Furious Business of Oil Producing… Big Special Offer on the Mary Owens Oil Company – A Going Producing Company Which Has Passed the Uncertain Initial States. $100 of Stock for $80 – Easy Terms.”

Another ad in the May 16, 1919, El Paso Herald extolled: “$30,000 PROFITS on each $100 an actual record; $5 or $10 monthly may bring you quick money in going company with 11 producing wells, refinery, and hundreds acres of rich holdings; thousands in profits divided last year; opportunity open to every man and woman for short time; free particulars tell you how; act today. Mary Owens Oil Company, Houston, Texas.”

McTon Oil Company

As early as 1917, the McTon Oil Company was drilling in the Healdton oilfield near Lawton, Oklahoma, and was still a viable company in 1919 when it began drilling a test well (Ridley No. 1) near Kingston in Hunt County, Texas.

The company also drilled at least six wells in the Creek-Okmulgee-Wagoner district but lost its charter to do business in Oklahoma July 2, 1920. In 1922 the company lost a “laborer’s and materialman’s lien” in an extended court battle and left no further drilling records.

Mexican Oil & Coal Company

The Mexican Oil and Coal Company ceased paying taxes due to the state of Delaware in 1932 and on January 19, 1934, its charter to do business was forfeited.

Mid-Central Oil & Minerals Company

Mid-Central Oil and Minerals Company appears briefly in 1958, principally in newspapers advertising its common stock as a new offering for $1 per share and declaring, “The company is engaged in the exploration of its property located in Niobrara County, Wyoming, Kingman County, Kansas, and San Juan County, New Mexico, for oil, gas and uranium.”

From its Denver office the company filed with the Utah Oil & Gas Conservation Commission to drill a wildcat well in Emery County in anticipation of securing sufficient investment funding to proceed. But by October the proposed site had been abandoned and Utah’s efforts to contact Mid-Central Oil & Minerals Company were unsuccessful. It is probable that sales of the company’s stock did not generate sufficient money to continue, a common fate of many oil exploration ventures.

Mid-Texas Petroleum Company

In late 1921, Mid-Texas Petroleum Company drilled the E.L. Baldwin No. 1 well, which was reported to be “good for 1,000 barrels of oil and 8,000,000 feet of gas” south of Eliasville, Texas.

The company’s Graham No. 1 well was also a producer. In a declining quarter for the oilfield, two of the company’s wells in Young County nonetheless produced more than 6,000 barrels of oil. The company was successful enough with investors that on December 5, 1922, Mid-Texas Petroleum and its producing properties in Young County became part of the Seaboard Oil and Gas Company.

Milwaukee Electra Oil Development Company

oil and gas companiesIn Milwaukee, Wisconsin, on August 20, 1918, a group of investors with properties near booming Electra, Texas, met and formed the Milwaukee Electra Oil Development Company.

Wisconsin granted a charter and within a week a new exploration venture, the Electra Texas Oil Lands Company, was seeking investors.

“The regular sales meeting will be held at 8:15 Monday night at our office, at which the plan will be explained and the territory described by visitors from the field,” the new company advertised. “The price raise will also be announced. Better attend this meeting.”

Like many newly formed exploration companies that flocked to central Texas (especially following the 1917 “Roaring Ranger” well), Electra Milwaukee Electra Oil Development Company did not last.

Minnesota Victoria Oil Company

Minnesota Victoria Oil Company formed on November 16, 1926, as a “Consumers’ Cooperative” in Victoria, Minnesota, to supply of gasoline, diesel fuel, home heating oil, liquified petroleum gas, and lubricants to member-customers. Participants in the cooperative shared annually in savings accrued from the increased buying power. The company prospered for many years. On June 11, 1998, it merged with another cooperative oil association, the Mid-County Coop of Cologne, about 10 miles southwest of Victoria. The Mid-County Coop had been founded in 1935 with 89 stockholders as a petroleum product supplier for Carver County, Minnesota. Mid-County Coop of Cologne is still in operation.

Mississippi Oil Company

In November 1906, a Cincinnati, Ohio, investor asked editors of a popular financial journal about the fortunes of the Mississippi Oil Company of Beaumont, Texas, where a drilling boom had launched the modern petroleum industry a few years earlier. American Investor reported on Beaumont’s growth following the 1901 Spindletop Hill discovery as speculative oil companies formed to exploit the find. Regarding Mississippi Oil’s fortunes, the publication reported that “the Texas franchise tax and penalty remain unpaid in 1903…their stock is considered valueless.”

Monarch Vacuum Petroleum Company

A group of New York businessmen incorporated Monarch Vacuum Petroleum Company in Delaware on Novermber 1, 1917, with capitalization of $1 million and property in Lee County, Kentucky, near the Ashley farm and the Sign Board oilfield.

By June 1918, Monarch Vacuum Petroleum was offered on the Kentucky Oil Exchange for $1.75 per share while oil was selling for about $2 a barrel. The Sign Board field was the site of “mob violence” in 1918, when the Southwestern Petroleum Company and “adverse claimants” fought over mineral rights. Although Monarch Vacuum was not specifically cited in newspapers covering the dispute, “We would not advise a purchase of this company’s stock,” noted the American Investor.

Monarch Vacuum Petroleum brought in two small producers on the Hall-Burke tract near Zachariah in Lee County. Some 1919 records reflect another small producer on the Hall-Burke tract and a dry hole drilled in Wayne County. Another well in 1920 yielded only seven barrels a day.

Montana-Canadian Oil Company

In 1917 Anaconda Copper Mining Company sought natural gas to fire its smelting operations in Great Falls, Butte and other northern Montana towns. The company acquired the Montana-Canadian Oil Company, which had incorporated on July 22, 1914, in Butte.

The oil company was successfully operating in the Sweet Grass field, about 70 miles north of Great Falls, near the border with Canada. The Anaconda Copper Mining deal required Montana-Canadian Oil Company stockholders to exchange their certificates for shares in Anaconda Copper Mining stock and equity.

If the stockholder named on the certificate failed to present it for exchange, the shares would have been canceled on the books and any remaining value turned over to the unclaimed property division of the owner’s state. Engineering & Mining Journal declared the deal to be “advantageous and satisfactory to the stockholders.”

Anaconda Copper Vice President C.F. Kelley had confidence in the new subsidiary, which had drilled two “gassers” in the Sweet Grass field prior to acquisition. Kelley’s plan was to create two new companies from Montana-Canadian’s extensive lease holdings and assets: one to develop and operate gas wells, another to construct required pipelines and market the product.

But as World War I continued, the plans were never carried out. Engineering and Mining Journal noted, “it is likely that the construction of the pipelines will be delayed until after the war, as it is practically impossible to secure pipe now at any price.”

Then the two natural gas wells’ impressive initial flows dwindled. The next well was a dry hole. Anaconda Copper Mining turned to the Big Horn area to search for natural gas to meet its smelting needs, abandoning Kelley’s plans to break up the new subsidiary Montana-Canadian Oil Company. In August 1924 Montana-Canadian Oil Company sued Gladys-Bell Oil Company (Tulsa) for $360,000 in a Sweet Grass field breach of contract case, but six years later the state of Montana reported Montana-Canadian Oil Company as a “voluntary dissolution.”

Motox Oil Company

By 1922, Motox Oil Company was bankrupt and in receivership when its stockholders were offered a deal by Revere Oil Company. For each share of Motex Oil, the stockholder could receive one share of Revere at no cost, but was required to purchase additional Revere shares at $1 each in an amount equal to 25 percent of their old Motox Oil holdings.

Revere Oil was the creation of famed and fraudulent Arctic explorer Dr. Frederick Cook – read about him in Arctic Explorer Turns Oil Promoter. Subsequent indictments of Cook noted: “In March 1921 the promoters, it is charged, entered upon a ‘so-called merger plan,’ each merger resulting in the acquisition of additional lists of stockholders who were advised in extravagantly phrased circulars and letters of the merger and promised safety from loss in their investment in the old company.”

“We should think it a very foolish step on your part to purchase stock of the Revere Oil Company under such basis that which is offered to the stockholders of the Motex Oil Company,” advised the United States Investor on June 17, 1922.

Multiple Dome Oil Company

Salt Lake City’s Deseret News responded to a query about Multiple Dome Oil Company in January 1983, explaining that the company had gone out of business 20 years earlier. The newspaper called the stock worthless, not having been traded since the demise of Multiple Dome Oil.

Muskogee Oil & Gas Company

Although Muskogee Oil & Gas Company’s 1904 incorporation documents are posted online, including details of its formation, organizers, stock and capitalization, the documents do not address the company’s ultimate history. Other pages on the AOGHS website can help, e.g.; Oklahoma Territory oil booms and companies that competed with Muskogee Oil in the risky “wildcatting” days of the early 20th century following the 1901 Spindletop oilfield discovery in Texas.

To view Muskogee Oil & Gas Company’s original incorporation documents, start with Oklahoma Historical Society’s main webpage – select “Research Center” then “Records” from the pull down tab. On the Records page, see “Territorial Records” and under that, “Territorial Incorporation Records 1890-1907.” Selecting the “search” option then allows input of an “Entry Number.” For Muskogee Oil & Gas, the entry number is 680 to view the company’s incorporation records. The 1904 incorporation date corresponds with an Oklahoma Geological Survey report of a surge in activity in the Muskogee oilfield’s Townsite Pool, where “between thirty and forty wells were drilled.”

However, the Townsite Pool was found to be small, and within a year production dwindled and drilling was suspended. This epitaph appeared in the Muskogee Daily Phoenix: MASTER’S SALE. In the United States Court for the Indian Territory, Western District, at Muskogee. (No. 5038) A.S. Houck Plaintiff, against The Muskogee Oil &, Gas Co., Defendants. Public notice is hereby given, that, in pursuance of a decree made and entered by said Court, in the above entitled cause, on the 3rd day of February, A. D. 1905, Thomas A. Sanson, Master In Chancery of said Court, will, on Saturday, the 28th day of October, A. D., 1905, at the hour of two o’clock in the afternoon, at the front door of the court house in Muskogee, in this district, sell at public auction, to the highest and best bidder, all and singular, the property in said decree mentioned, to wit: All of the right, title and interest of the defendant corporation.

Mutual Consolidated Petroleum Corporation

Mutual Consolidated Petroleum Corporation of Los Angeles formed on March 9, 1925, with capitalization of $500,000. The company experienced at least some success, completing a well in 1930. The No. 2 Langham well in Gray County, Texas, produced 200 barrels of oil a day.

However, on September 6, 1932, the district court in Potter County, Texas, ordered all Mutual Consolidated Petroleum assets sold to satisfy debts to creditors, including, “land, the oil and gas wells thereon and all buildings, appurtenances and other property and equipment situated thereon and used in connection with the operation of said oil and gas wells.” California’s Tax Commissioner suspended the company’s charter on November 1, 1932. Learn about southern California’s petroleum history in Discovering Los Angeles Oilfields.

Mutual Oil & Development Company

In the 1920s, Mutual Oil & Development Company drilled a well near Oil Creek in Fremont County, Colorado. It was an exploratory well on public land authorized under the Mineral Leasing Act of 1920. Today, the stream is known as “Fourmile Creek,” but it was known then as Oil Creek, about 50 miles west of the Florence oilfield, discovered in 1881 and one the oldest commercial fields in the United States (another was an 1892 oil discovery in Neodesha, Kansas).

However, Mutual Oil & Development ran into legal trouble while seeking investors. The company was banned from selling stock in Kentucky while under investigation for violation of the state’s Blue Sky laws regulating the offering and sale of securities to protect the public from fraud. On December 9, 1925, Colorado’s Steamboat Pilot reported details about the company’s exploratory well.

“Mutual Oil & Development Company is running casing in its Oil Creek test, Fremont County, depth of hole 3,172 feet,” the newspaper noted. On January 20, 1926, it added, “Hole is now 42 feet in the formation and is bottomed at 3,216 feet,” where it intercepted “water under artesian pressure.” There was no oil or natural gas at the well, which become known as the Park Center Well, but there was litigation about the water. Ultimately, the courts granted to the federal government “a reserved water right to the entire flow of water from the well” in 1936.

Mutual Oil Union Company

“This is the railroad man’s Oil Company, proclaims an ad for the Mutual Oil Union Company. “It is owned and managed by them – that is why it is called ‘UNION.’” Mutual Oil Union’s stock was offered at $1.25 per share declaring, “The great fortunes of the world were made by investing in development companies, and not by day’s labor.”

R.M. Smythe’s Obsolete American Securities and Corporations reported Mutual Oil Union stock to have no value as of 1901.

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The many stories of many exploration companies trying to join petroleum booms (and avoid busts) can be found in an updated series of research at Is my Old Oil Stock worth Anything?